The NSA is a professional organization of over 200 Physicians in Nebraska who engage in the practice of anesthesiology in all its branches and sub-specialties.

To advance and further patient safety and the practice of anesthesiology in Nebraska through public and professional education, membership services, and legislative advocacy

NSA will be a leader in defining and advancing the standards of anesthesia care in Nebraska.

Core Beliefs:
  • Anesthesiology is the practice of medicine.
  • Patient safety and care is our priority.
  • Physicians are best trained and experienced in the delivery of anesthesia services to patients.
  • Research and education raise the standards of medical practice of anesthesia.
  • The public should be protected against irresponsible and unqualified practitioners of anesthesiology.
  • Anesthesiology is a medical subspecialty involving the perioperative care of all surgical patients, the treatment of both acute and chronic pain, and the care of patients in intensive care units

Types of Anesthesia

Types of Anesthesia


There are three main categories of anesthesia:

  • General: You are unconscious and have no awareness of the surgical procedure or other sensations.
  • Regional: Your anesthesiologist injects medication near a cluster of nerves to numb only the area of your body that requires surgery. You may remain awake or you may be given a sedative.
  • Local: A local anesthetic may be injected into the skin and tissues to numb a specific location.

Your anesthesiologist, in consultation with your surgeon, will determine the best type of anesthesia for you, taking your desires into consideration whenever possible. These options will be discussed during your preoperative interview with the anesthesiologist


What is an Anesthesiologist?

An Anesthesiologist is a physician who has completed a four-year College Program, fours years of Medical School and four more years of Anesthesiology Residency.

Anesthesiologists play a central role taking care of patients while they are having surgery in the operating room.

  • Not only does he/she make sure you are comfortable, an anesthesiologist also makes  informed medical judgments to protect you. These include treating and regulating changes in your critical life functions — breathing, heart rate, blood pressure — as they are affected by the surgery being performed.
  • An anesthesiologist serves as an advocate for your safety, comfort and well being at one of your most vulnerable moments.
  • He/she is  the doctor who will immediately diagnose and treat any medical problems that might arise during your surgery or recovery period.

The Role of an anesthesiologist extends far beyond the operating room and recovery room.

  • Anesthesiologists work in intensive care units to help critically ill patients return to a stable condition.
  • In childbirth, anesthesiologists manage the care of two persons; they provide pain relief for the mother while managing the life functions of both the mother and the baby.
  • Anesthesiologists also are experts in pain management, including diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic pain problems.
  • Increasingly, anesthesiologists are asked to care for patients undergoing painful or unpleasant procedures in the endoscopy suite, radiology, cardiac catheterization, emergency room and other areas of the hospital.
  • Anesthesiologists are experts in the placement of single and continuous nerve blocks to enable patients to recover comfortably after surgery.
  • Anesthesiologists are experts in advanced airway management and are involved on code blue teams.
  • Anesthesiologists also lend their expertise in critical care and resuscitation in the care of trauma patients.
  • Because of their central role in the perioperative process, anesthesiologists are integral to the management of operating rooms.

Because of our wide involvement with patient care throughout the hospital, and the opportunity to provide compassionate care wherever we go, anesthesiology is one of the most gratifying specialties in medicine!


Mailing Address:

Nebraska Society of Anesthesiologists
233 S. 13th Street
Suite 1200
Lincoln, NE 68502

Executive Director:
Sarah Dunbar
Email: Sarahd@nebmed.org

About the Nebraska Legislature

Nebraska Unicameral

Return to On Unicameralism main page


Below, you will find the answers to a number of frequently asked questions about the unicameral system in Nebraska.

Q: What is a unicameral legislature?
A legislature is unicameral if it consists of only one house.
Q: How many unicameral legislatures are there in the United States?
Only one: Nebraska has the only unicameral legislature in the country. Since Nebraska’s legislature only has one house, it also has the smallest legislative branch in the country – 49 senators.
Q: How long has the Nebraska Legislature been a one-house body?
Citizens passed an initiative to amend the Nebraska Constitution in 1934, and the first session of the Unicameral Legislature was held in 1937. The initiative was approved by a vote of 286,086 to 191,152.
Q: Which half of the original bicameral legislature still exists in Nebraska?
Although generally referred to as the “legislature” or the “Unicameral,” the Senate is the legislative body that was retained following the 1937 reorganization. Consequently, members of the legislature are referred to as “senators.”
Q: Have any other states had unicameral legislative branches?
Although other states have taken an interest in unicameral legislatures, Nebraska remains the only state in the country that has implemented a unicameral system.
Q: How many legislators are in the Nebraska Legislature? For how long do they serve?
There are 49 members of the Nebraska Unicameral, each serving a term of four years.
Q: How many legislators served in the Nebraska Legislature prior to 1937?
There were 133 members of the legislature prior to the 1937 reorganization.
Q: How many citizens does a Nebraska legislator represent?
Each legislative district in Nebraska serves about 35,000 citizens.
Q: What are the requirements for an individual to become a member of the Unicameral?
According to the Nebraska Constitution, an individual must be a registered voter and at least 21 years of age, and candidates must live within the district in which he or she is running for at least one year prior to being elected.
Q: How often is the Nebraska Unicameral in session?
The Legislature is in session every year. A session lasts 60 legislative days in even-numbered years and 90 legislative days in odd-numbered years. Sessions convene on the first Wednesday following the first Monday in January of each year.
Q: What are the steps in the lawmaking process in Nebraska?
Each bill introduced in the Nebraska Unicameral goes through a committee and is subjected to three rounds of floor debate before it can become a law. For a more detailed look at lawmaking in Nebraska, visit the Lawmaking in Nebraska page.
Q: How does the efficiency of the unicameral system compare to that of the bicameral system in Nebraska?
In Nebraska, the one-house system is more efficient than its predecessor. The number of committees was pared down from 61 to 18, and 581 bills were introduced in 1937 as opposed to twice as many the previous session. The last bicameral session in 1935 ran 110 days, passed 192 bills and cost $202,593. The first unicameral session two years later ran 98 days, passed 214 bills and cost $103,445.
Q: Does the Nebraska Unicameral have any other distinctive features?
The Unicameral is also the only nonpartisan legislature in the country. Being a nonpartisan legislature means that a candidate’s political party is not listed on the election ballot. The two candidates who obtain the most votes in the primary election face each other in the general election. In other states, each party selects a winner in the primary, and the winners of each party run against each other in the general election. Also unlike other states, Nebraska’s legislative leadership is not based on party affiliation.
Q: Who is George Norris?
U.S. Sen. George William Norris, considered the architect of Nebraska’s unicameral system, served in the United States Senate from 1913-1943. Norris was instrumental in generating support for Nebraska’s switch to a unicameral legislature, and produced several articles and speeches detailing his support for the change.
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Q: Why did Norris advocate a unicameral system?
Norris advocated a unicameral system over a bicameral system for a number of reasons: First, Norris felt that a unicameral system would be less costly and more efficient than a bicameral system. Second, a unicameral system would have no need for inter-house conference committees, which Norris felt conducted their business in secretive, undemocratic ways. Finally, Norris believed that the activities of a small legislature would be more open to public scrutiny, and would thus be less corrupt than a larger legislature.
Q: Who was the first female member of the Unicameral?
Nell Krause, appointed to fill a vacancy in 1946, was the first female member of the Unicameral Legislature. Krause served for seven days during the special session held in 1946.

Nebraska Legislature

Nebraska is divided into 49 legislative districts, each home to approximately 35,000 people. Senators are elected to four-year terms and receive a salary of $12,000 a year.

A single Legislature exists for two years, called a biennium. There are two regular lawmaking sessions per biennium. Each regular session begins in January.

The biennium begins in odd-numbered years with a long session that consists of 90 working days. A shorter session is held in even-numbered years and consists of 60 working days. Long sessions usually last until mid-June, and short sessions usually last until mid-April. At the call of the governor, special sessions also may be held.