Nebraska is divided into 49 legislative districts, each home to approximately 35,000 people. Senators are elected to four-year terms and receive a salary of $12,000 a year.

A single Legislature exists for two years, called a biennium. There are two regular lawmaking sessions per biennium. Each regular session begins in January.

The biennium begins in odd-numbered years with a long session that consists of 90 working days. A shorter session is held in even-numbered years and consists of 60 working days. Long sessions usually last until mid-June, and short sessions usually last until mid-April. At the call of the governor, special sessions also may be held.